China’s Minister of Education announces reforms to ensure migrant children’s access to education
On the 28th of August, the Minister of Education Chen Baosheng reported to the fifth session of the 13th NPC Standing Committee concerning the topics of educational equality and the integration of urban and rural compulsory education. The minister explained that, in order to promote educational equality, and especially the guarantee of migrant children’s right to receive a compulsory education, a unified national student registration system has been established in primary and secondary schools, and the procedure for transferring schools across provinces can now be conducted online. In 2017 the national number of migrant children in compulsory education was 14.066 million, an increase of 1.19 million compared with the previous year. …read more
Today is China’s Children’s Day – let’s take a look at the situation of Chinese children!
Editor’s Note This is CDB’s abridged translation of a WeChat post by UNICEF China, published on the first of June, China’s official Children’s Day. Please find the original here. The graphs are all taken from UNICEF’s report. This Children’s Day, let’s get a deeper understanding of China’s children. Do you know the answers to the following questions: How many children are there in China? Where does China rank in the world for its total number of children? How many Chinese children are affected by migration? What different types of challenges do different child populations in China face? How many children are unable to live with their parents? Children are …read more
Social Work and Reverse Migration – an Interview with Professor Julian Chow
A long and in-depth interview with Berkeley professor Julian Chow on the development of the social service sector in China.
Controversy over the ‘Ice boy’ receiving only 500 Yuan in donations
A debate has ignited over the donations raised by last week’s viral “ice boy picture“. The controversy was begun by reports that the Zhuanshanbao Elementary School (转山包小学), where the boy in the picture studies, has received 100 thousand yuan in donations, and 81 students, including the boy in question, were given 500 yuan each. This piece of news was soon taken up by articles with headlines like ‘only 500 out of the 300 thousand yuan in donations end up going to the Ice Boy’, rapidly gaining momentum on social media and capturing the public’s attention once again. Many expressed doubts about whether the funds collected from contributors would be properly used. …read more
Donations collected in support of the “ice boy” and other left-behind children in Yunnan
Over the past week the picture of a little boy with his hair completely covered in frost after walking to school through the Yunnan countryside has gone viral on Chinese social media. The little boy, named Wang Fuman, is a grade three student in the Zhuanshanbao primary school in Ludian County, Yunnan Province. The school is 4.5 kilometres away from his home. Usually Wang has to trek more than an hour to get to school. The school principal Fu later explained that “on that day, the temperature dropped to minus nine degrees Celsius. As Wang arrived and made a face, all the students burst out laughing.” It is reported that …read more
First provincial-level child welfare and childcare division founded in Beijing
On December 20th the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Civil Affairs announced the establishment of the first child welfare and childcare division under the provincial Municipal Bureau of Civil Affairs at the press conference. The responsibilities of the newly-founded division include child welfare, child adoption and care for left-behind children and children in difficulty, which were previously taken charge of by several separate divisions. The current plan is to create a complete child protection system through integration and coordination. In future the newly established division will cooperate with the social aid division, the community construction division, the community administration office, the philanthropy administration division, the social aid affairs center, the standardization and informatization …read more
Two left-behind children hide underneath a moving bus for three hours to go and find their parents
Two left-behind children from a village in western Guangxi were found underneath a bus headed for the county seat on November 23. They were able to reach Xilin county, over 90 kilometers away from their home village, by clinging to the undercarriage of a bus until they were discovered by the driver. They told the Xilin station workers that they wanted to find their parents, who had left home to work in Guangdong. The two boys’ experience was first described in an article posted on social media on November 24. The post was accompanied by a video, showing that when the boys were discovered, they were covered in mud and looked …read more
Stanford professor Scott Rozelle’s talk on rural education causes a stir in China
American economist Scott Rozelle (罗斯高) has caused a stir in China with his recent pronouncements on the country’s rural education. Professor Rozelle is the co-director of the Rural Education Action Program (REAP) at Stanford University, a team dedicated to bridging the educational gap between cities and rural areas in China. In a recent talk given in China, Rozelle poses the serious issue that, according to REAP’s survey, 63% of rural children do not go to high school. The first cause for this appallingly high figure, Rozelle believes, is malnutrition. Research by REAP has found that more than half of eighth graders in poor rural areas in China have IQs below 90, considered …read more
Registering and Working in China – an Interview with Albert Yu, World Vision
In this exclusive interview with CDB, operations director of World Vision China Albert Yu speaks about his organization’s important work in China, and its successful efforts to register in the country following the passing of the Overseas NGO Law.
Controversy over Chengdu fight club for orphans: providing them with a better future?
A recent video entitled “orphans in combat” has generated much debate on the Chinese internet. The video shows how two helpless orphans from the Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture, Sichuan, are adopted by a fight club in the city of Chengdu. Both of them are 14 years old, and they need to practice mixed martial arts every day and occasionally perform in commercial fighting games. During the fights, these children may even get hurt and bleed. After the video was exposed Chengdu’s public security department begun an investigation, after which the civil affairs department will determine proper relief measures accordingly. An article that appeared yesterday in Nandu Guancha (南都观察), a respected media outlet …read more
White paper on the psychological condition of Chinese left-behind children released
On July 21st, “Shang Xue Lu Shang” (上学路上) held a news conference presenting its third “White Paper on the Psychological Condition of Chinese Left-Behind Children”. As a prominent research guide on left-behind children in China, both the media and the public have become used to awaiting the release of the White Paper on Left-Behind Children every summer since 2015. This year’s White Paper is based upon the results of a survey that included 14,868 questionnaires, covered 20 provinces across China and Japan, and lasted for 312 days. Both in terms of the total number of questionnaires and the research model, the 2017 White Paper is more wide-ranging compared to the …read more
Report discusses challenges in educating migrant and left-behind children
On March 28, China’s first Blue Book on migrant children was released, discussing new developments and challenges in the field of education for migrant and left-behind children. The flow of people moving from China’s inner provinces to the coast for work has created many issues, including educating the millions of children who have accompanied the migrant workers. Statistics from the Blue Book reveal that by the end of 2015, China had a floating population of 247 million people. According to the report, one in six people identified as a migrant. In addition, migrant children and left-behind children amounted to a combined 100 million. The report also reveals that the percentage …read more
Inner Mongolia to grant “left-behind children” legal guardianship
According to a Xinhua News Agency report, Inner Mongolia’s Secretary for Home Affairs, the Public Security Department, the Comprehensive Management Office and the Health and Family Planning Commission have joined forces to launch a province-wide operation aimed at providing legal guardianship to “left-behind” children in rural and pastoral areas. They estimate that this activity will provide legal guardianship to all such children by the end of 2017. Inner Mongolia’s recently launched investigation into “left-behind children” revealed that there are over 26.000 children across the province below the age of sixteen who have been abandoned. The Public Security Unit will act in coordination with Gacha Village’s Resident Committee to get in …read more
China to set up public facilities for left-behind children
China will set up social welfare facilities to support children who are left behind or in need in counties and urban districts, according to a plan released by the Chinese government. The 13th five-year plan for the implementation of social services (“十三五”社会服务兜底工程实施方案), jointly drafted by the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Civil Affairs and China Disabled Person’s Federation, sets out the government’s work plan regarding the welfare of “left-behind” children, the elderly and the disabled. As stipulated in the plan, counties with over 500.000 people or over 200 orphans will establish child welfare facilities, in order to drive the creation of fully equipped and standardized child welfare …read more